From Emergency Response to Long-term Solutions for Lake Ontario Communities

By Dr. Michael Izard-Carroll, US Army Corps of Engineers

The US Army Corps of Engineers, Buffalo District, has been active in response efforts to assist New York State communities along Lake Ontario during ongoing historic high water levels. Since Gov. Cuomo’s request for assistance on May 9, 2017, Corps efforts have included direct and technical assistance as part of Public Law 84-99 Response Operations.

Direct assistance has included the distribution of government-furnished materials in the form of 180,000 sandbags, while technical assistance has included Corps personnel deploying to affected areas identified by the New York State Office of Emergency Management.

A total of 20 field visits to 17 affected areas in all eight impacted counties were conducted between May 12 and May 26. The Corps of Engineers Regulatory team also has worked closely with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) to ensure synchronized and streamlined permitting processes for residents seeking to implement shoreline protection measures.

technical team inspection army corps lake ontario
A US Army Corps of Engineers technical team inspection of areas affected by high water along the shoreline of Lake Ontario. Credit: USACE

The Corps has been closely monitoring the water level of Lake Ontario and reports indicate water levels have decreased by about 3 feet since levels peaked in late May. In terms of assistance, the Corps has transitioned from emergency assistance to focusing on educating coastal communities about the need for permanent measures to increase coastal resiliency and mitigate future risk to public infrastructure.

Corps planners have met with members of the NYSDEC to discuss options. Any permanent projects would most likely be conducted under the Continuing Authorities Program (CAP), which supports shoreline protection, erosion mitigation or flood risk management.

The Continuing Authorities Program provides the Corps of Engineers with the authority to plan, design and construct water-resource projects in partnership with local sponsors without the need for Congressional authorization. The program decreases the amount of time required for a local community to budget, develop and approve a potential project for construction. CAP allows the Corps to plan and implement smaller, less complex and less costly projects in a more efficient manner.

CAP projects have a feasibility phase followed by a design and implementation phase. For the feasibility phase, the federal government covers half of the cost; the federal contribution is 65 percent for the design and construction phase. The cost-sharing aspect of CAP program is attractive for communities that would have challenges funding these types of projects on their own.

The types of projects under CAP Section 14, Stream Bank and Shoreline Protection and Section 103, Hurricane and Storm Damage Reduction, typically take two to three years for the feasibility study, under a year for design, and one year to construct. Therefore, communities interested in flood prevention measures are encouraged to reach out to the Corps of Engineers as soon as possible. For a brochure on the CAP program, see www.lrb.usace.army.mil/Missions/Civil-Works/Overview/Continuing-Authorities-Program/.

Dr. Michael Izard-Carroll is the public affairs specialist for the US Army Corps of Engineers, Buffalo District.

(See also: “Gauging who does what: USACE, NOAA and how the Great Lakes water levels are measured”)

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