Notes for Chapter 3
Initial efforts by the Commission to address its concerns for AIS led
to the 1990 IJC-Great Lakes Fishery Commission joint report,
Exotic Species and the Shipping Industry. More recently, the IJC commented on
the continuing threat of AIS to the Great Lakes in
its Tenth Biennial Report (IJC, 2000); and in a joint letter with the Great Lakes Fishery
Commission (IJC-GLFC, 2001). Its Great Lakes Water Quality Board (2001)
also issued a white paper on the subject.
- For a general discussion see: Jewell, Susan. 2000. A United
Defense Against Invasive Species. Endangered Species Bulletin vol. XXV No. 5.
Available online at: http://endangered.fws.gov/esb/2000/09-10/08-10.pdf
- Pimentel et al., 2000.
- Although widely quoted, key original source appears to be
Property Claims Service of the Insurance Services Office Inc. See:
- Ruiz et al., 1997
- Ricciardi, 2001
- Ricciardi, 2001, Tamburri et al., 2002
- Ricciardi, 2001
- Tamburri et al., 2002; Johnston and Carlton, 1996
- Berg et al., 2002; MacIssac et
- Gerrity, 2002
- Karaminas et al., 2001
- Aquatic Sciences, 1996. QUESTION: How to handle 2002
Alexandria Conference Reference are there proceedings?
- U.S. 33 CFR part 151; Canadian TP 13617E
Guidelines for the Control of Ballast Water Discharge from Ships in Waters under Canadian
- U.S. Government, 2002, Federal Register 67 FR 39: 8885-8888
- Aquatic Sciences, 1996
- Cangelosi et al., 2001
- International Convention for Control and Management of Ships'
Ballast Water and Sediments; www.imo.org
- U.S. Government, 2002, Federal Register 67 FR 42:9632-9638
- Council of Great Lakes Fishery Agencies, 2001; Nalbone 2001
- The purpose of the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention
and Control Act of 1990 is to prevent the unintentional introduction
of nonindigenous aquatic species and prevent and controls aquatic
nuisance species dispersal in the waters of the United States. NISA
legislation prevents biological invasions of the nation's waters and controls
the spread of species within the United States.