Publications

IJC Content

Displaying 1 - 47 of 47.

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The connecting waters are vital links in the economic and ecological network of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River system, but they are threatened by multiple stressors. Present monitoring activities are insufficient to adequately inform the management of these connecting waters. The Great Lakes...
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The following brochure by the International Red River Board showcases the Board's role and mandate and highlights examples of the Board's current work. View PDF version of the brochure Helping prevent and resolve transboundary water disputes by providing advice on matters affecting the quality...
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The International Joint Commission presents its second triennial assessment of progress on Great Lakes water quality pursuant to Article 7.1 (k) of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). This report provides advice and recommendations to assist the federal governments to better meet...
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The annual report covers the 2019 reporting period.
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An environmental stressor is any factor whose presence adversely affects individuals, populations, or ecosystems. Often but not necessarily the result of human activities, examples include many different pollutants, excess nutrients, habitat loss and invasive species. Recognizing that interactions...
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2020 Report In June 2020, the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) completed a report entitled Understanding Declining Productivity in the Offshore Regions of the Great Lakes. The report includes a number of findings and a recommendation aimed at improving coordination...
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In September 2019, the International Red River Board (the Board) recommended that the International Joint Commission (IJC) adopt proposed nutrient concentration objectives and targets for the Red River at the boundary between the United States and Canada. This proposal is the culmination of a...
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The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (the Agreement) charges the International Joint Commission (IJC), supported by its Great Lakes advisory boards, with several responsibilities including identification of emerging issues facing the Great Lakes. To help fulfil this responsibility the IJC’s Great...
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The International Red River Board passed a motion during its September 2019 meeting to recommend nutrient concentration objectives and nutrient load targets for the Red River at the boundary between the United States and Canada. The Board recommends that the International Joint Commission support...
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Annex 10 (Science) of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement assigns the International Joint Commission (IJC) and its Science Advisory Board (SAB) a role in providing input to the Parties on priority science issues on a three year basis. The Parties’ initial Draft Priorities for Science and Action...
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This report represents a peer review of the RESPEC report (2016 report: The development of a Stressor Response Model for the Red River of the North, referred to in this document as the “report” for brevity), with specific attention to concerns raised by the Minnesota municipalities (Letter of July...
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Excessive nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen and resulting increase in the frequency and severity of algal blooms is one of the greatest water quality challenges facing the international Red River watershed and downstream Lake Winnipeg. While all jurisdictions within the watershed have...
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This report presents the findings and recommendations of the project, Use of Modeling Approaches to Affect Nutrient Management through Adaptive Management, led by the International Joint Commission's (IJC) Great Lakes Science Advisory Board - Research Coordination Committee (SAB-RCC). The objective...
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In 2016-2017 the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board, Science Priority Committee, completed an analysis of commercial fertilizer and manure application in the western Lake Erie basin. The resulting report was adopted by the International Joint Commission and is available at...
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This report summarizes the results of a literature review, a survey of scientific experts, workshop discussions, and a resulting initial action plan to develop an integrated groundwater-surface water model for the Great Lakes basin. The Great Lakes Science Advisory Board’s Research Coordination...
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This assessment of fertilizer application and impacts in the western Lake Erie basin (WLEB) was conducted by members of the International Joint Commission Science Advisory Board's Science Priority Committee (SAB-SPC), with the assistance of an advisory group and a contractor. It considers primarily...
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Governments exist to serve the people. With this in mind, the International Joint Commission presents its first triennial assessment of progress on Great Lakes water quality pursuant to Article 7.1 (k) of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). This report provides advice and...
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In its November 2000 report, Living with the Red, (IJC, 2000) the International Joint Commission (IJC) made a number of recommendations to governments aimed at reducing, mitigating, and preventing harm from future flooding in the Red River basin. In 2016 the IRRB concluded that a final examination...
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The IJC has developed this draft triennial assessment report, informed by a larger staff developed technical appendix that includes fuller analyses, technical information, discussion of relevant science and references. This report and the staff technical appendix report will be revised after...
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This report provides a review of the status of international water quality objectives (WQOs) and Alert Levels for the four International Joint Commission (IJC) boards with a water quality mandate that are located outside of the Great Lakes Basin. The boards that are the focus of this report are the...
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The SAB-RCC, through contractors, thoroughly assessed Great Lakes indicators’ data availability and accessibility and identified potential improvement for indicators used to report progress in meeting the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement objectives.
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This document summarizes the SAB’s advice to the Parties on their Draft 2017-2019 Binational Priorities for Science. This advice benefited from input provided by the IJC’s Great Lakes Water Quality Board. General comments that apply to all Agreement Annexes are presented first, followed by general...
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The IJC identified a suite of 16 ecosystem indicators composed of 41 metrics to assess progress towards achieving the objectives of the 2012 GLWQA. In April 2014, the IJC asked the SAB - Science Priority Committee (SPC) to identify a smaller set of indicators and metrics from this existing set that...
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The International Red River Board (IRRB), a board of the International Joint Commission (IJC), identified excess nutrients as one of the greatest issues in the Red River of the North because of its impact on the ecological conditions in the Red River itself and its significant contribution to hyper...
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The development of a basin-wide plan for the management of nutrients within the shared international Red River watershed was agreed to as part of recent Four-Party discussions between the federal governments of the United States and Canada, the State government of North Dakota, and the Provincial...
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The results in this presentation focus on the data collected in the 2007 field season. However, to provide a context for these results they are compared to results obtained as part of this study’s 2006 results. Additionally, some data are presented from the previous study conducted in 2005 for...
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Study presented to the International Red River Board at its meeting in Gimli, MB in 2009.
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This status report provides highlights of active projects and issues for the period September 2001 to March 2002, and continues upon the International Red River Board’s second annual report submitted to the International Joint Commission (IJC) in October 2001.
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This report documents water quality trends and exceedences of objectives, effluent releases, and control measures for the Red River basin for the 2000 Water Year (October 01, 1999 through September 30, 2000). In addition, this report describes the activities of the International Red River Board...
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Chapter Two - Great Lakes Science Advisory Board A summary of the SAB's activities and recommendations for the 1999-2001 Priority Cycle.
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A summary of the workshop proceeding sponsored by the Parties Implementation Work Group of the Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission in collaboration with the Great Lakes Commission held at The Michigan League Ann Arbor, Michigan March 21, 2001
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Chapter 1 - Great Lakes Science Advisory Board A summary of the SAB's activities and recommendations for the 1997-1999 Priority Cycle.
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Abstracts from the Workshop on Environmental Results, hosted in Windsor, Ontario by the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission, September 12 and 13, 1996 as printed in Environmental Monitoring Assessment, Volume 53, No. 1, 1998. Reproduced with the written...
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Notes from the SAB's presentation at the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement Public Forum in November, 1997
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This report to the Science Advisory Board from the Workgroup on Ecosystem Health was carried out as part of Board activities related to the 1995-97 Priorities under Priority 1 -- Persistent Toxic Substances: Impact on Humans and Ecosystem Health.
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Chapter One: Great Lakes Science Advisory Board In fulfilling its broad mandate to provide science advice under the Agreement, SAB's three work groups (Ecosystem Health, Emerging Issues and Parties Implementation) addressed an IJC priority for the 1995-97 biennial cycle on health, and identified...
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Chapter Two: Great Lakes Science Advisory Board Summary of SAB activities and recommendations during the 1993-95 Priority cycle.
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