Publications

IJC Content

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The International Joint Commission presents its second triennial assessment of progress on Great Lakes water quality pursuant to Article 7.1 (k) of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). This report provides advice and recommendations to assist the federal governments to better meet...
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This paper describes a flexible strategy developed by the GLAM Committee for the on-going evaluation and improvement of the regulation plans through the use of adaptive management. Adaptive management is a structured, iterative cycle for improving actions through long-term monitoring, modelling, and...
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This work plan identifies the priority activities to be carried out or initiated by the GLAM Committee in the period covering October 1, 2020 through September 30, 2021. These activities support the long-term adaptive management strategy (on-going review and evaluation) of regulation plans for the...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans as a sub-committee in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River...
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2019 Report In 2019 the WQB produced a report on the topic of manure management for animal feeding operations, which reviewed practices and policies in the state and provincial jurisdictions in the Great Lakes. The recommendations included in the report have been identified as priority actions for...
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2020 Report In June 2020, the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) completed a report entitled Understanding Declining Productivity in the Offshore Regions of the Great Lakes. The report includes a number of findings and a recommendation aimed at improving coordination...
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In September 2019, the International Red River Board (the Board) recommended that the International Joint Commission (IJC) adopt proposed nutrient concentration objectives and targets for the Red River at the boundary between the United States and Canada. This proposal is the culmination of a...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans as a sub-committee in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River...
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On November 5th, 2019, the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee, a sub-committee of the International Joint Commission's (IJC) International Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River Board (ILOSLR Board) hosted a meeting in Montreal, QC. The intent of the meeting was to gather...
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The International Red River Board passed a motion during its September 2019 meeting to recommend nutrient concentration objectives and nutrient load targets for the Red River at the boundary between the United States and Canada. The Board recommends that the International Joint Commission support...
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Annex 10 (Science) of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement assigns the International Joint Commission (IJC) and its Science Advisory Board (SAB) a role in providing input to the Parties on priority science issues on a three year basis. The Parties’ initial Draft Priorities for Science and Action...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Management...
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Excessive nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen and resulting increase in the frequency and severity of algal blooms is one of the greatest water quality challenges facing the international Red River watershed and downstream Lake Winnipeg. While all jurisdictions within the watershed have...
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This report presents the findings and recommendations of the project, Use of Modeling Approaches to Affect Nutrient Management through Adaptive Management, led by the International Joint Commission's (IJC) Great Lakes Science Advisory Board - Research Coordination Committee (SAB-RCC). The objective...
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This document provides a general summary of the questionnaire responses from 2017 with a focus on flooding impacts, erosion impacts, shore protection impacts, business impacts and overall impacts. The GLAM Committee will continue to improve model assessment tools and understanding of shoreline...
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In 2016-2017 the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board, Science Priority Committee, completed an analysis of commercial fertilizer and manure application in the western Lake Erie basin. The resulting report was adopted by the International Joint Commission and is available at...
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The IJC’s Great Lakes - St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee has prepared a review of impacts across all sectors that were affected by high water levels in 2017 as well as an assessment of how the regulation of outflows from Lake Ontario impacted levels throughout the system...
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The IJC’s Great Lakes St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee has prepared a review of impacts across all sectors that were affected by high water levels in 2017 as well as an assessment of how the regulation of outflows from Lake Ontario impacted levels throughout the system...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Management...
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This is a special report of the International Joint Commission’s (IJC) Great Lakes – St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee covering the hydroclimate, flows and water level conditions, as well as their impacts on multiple interests, experienced in 2017 throughout the Great Lakes-St...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Management...
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The committee’s annual work plans cover the period of October 1 through to September 31st of each year. As a result, the September 1, 2017 through February 28, 2018 reporting period for this semi-annual focuses on activities initiated to support the 2018 work plan with some highlights covering 2017...
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This assessment of fertilizer application and impacts in the western Lake Erie basin (WLEB) was conducted by members of the International Joint Commission Science Advisory Board's Science Priority Committee (SAB-SPC), with the assistance of an advisory group and a contractor. It considers primarily...
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This report presents the recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board on the topic of how watershed management plans should be used to manage nutrient pollution in Lake Erie. The implementation of effective watershed management plans is an important tool in a holistic approach to reducing...
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The International Joint Commission visited St Catharines, Ontario as part of public meetings in six communities in the spring of 2017 to gather public comment on the Canadian and US governments’ Progress Report of the Parties (PROP) and the IJC’s draft Triennial Assessment of Progress (TAP) report.
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As part of the International Joint Commission’s efforts to obtain public input on Agreement progress, public meetings were held in six communities across the Great Lakes region. Two meetings were held at the studio of WNED-WBFO public television to hear from community leaders, scientists and other...
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The International Joint Commission visited Toledo, Ohio as part of public meetings in six communities in the spring of 2017 to gather public comment on the Canadian and US governments’ Progress Report of the Parties (PROP) and the IJC’s draft Triennial Assessment of Progress (TAP) report.
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The International Joint Commission visited Sarnia, Ontario as part of public meetings in six communities in the spring of 2017 to gather public comment on the Canadian and US governments’ Progress Report of the Parties (PROP) and the IJC’s draft Triennial Assessment of Progress (TAP) report.
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Cyanotoxins are an unfortunate consequences of harmful algal blooms in fresh water systems in both Canada and the United States. This report is a literature review of the state of ecological and epidemiological science of cyanobacterial toxins with an emphasis on its relevance to conditions in the...
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The IJC has developed this draft triennial assessment report, informed by a larger staff developed technical appendix that includes fuller analyses, technical information, discussion of relevant science and references. This report and the staff technical appendix report will be revised after...
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As part of the International Joint Commission’s efforts to obtain public input on Agreement progress, two public meetings were held to connect with several scientists and citizens in Wisconsin who are committed to restoring and protecting their part of the Great Lakes. The afternoon roundtable at...
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This report presents the recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board's Legacy Issues Work Group on the topic of how watershed management plans should be used to manage nutrient pollution in Lake Erie.
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This report presents the recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board’s Legacy Issues Work Group on the topic of how watershed management plans should be used to manage nutrient pollution in Lake Erie. The work group has identified several key success factors necessary for watershed...
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The International Red River Board (IRRB), a board of the International Joint Commission (IJC), identified excess nutrients as one of the greatest issues in the Red River of the North because of its impact on the ecological conditions in the Red River itself and its significant contribution to hyper...
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The development of a basin-wide plan for the management of nutrients within the shared international Red River watershed was agreed to as part of recent Four-Party discussions between the federal governments of the United States and Canada, the State government of North Dakota, and the Provincial...
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