Publications

IJC Content

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This graphic explains the roles and responsibilities of the key players involved in the regulation of Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence River regulation.
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In 1913, a ground-breaking IJC monitoring study linked untreated sewage pollution to widespread disease in the Great Lakes. One hundred years later, the question remains whether nearshore fecal bacterial/microbial water quality is getting better or worse. While technology to prevent and track this...
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The International Joint Commission presents its second triennial assessment of progress on Great Lakes water quality pursuant to Article 7.1 (k) of the 2012 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). This report provides advice and recommendations to assist the federal governments to better meet...
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This paper describes a flexible strategy developed by the GLAM Committee for the on-going evaluation and improvement of the regulation plans through the use of adaptive management. Adaptive management is a structured, iterative cycle for improving actions through long-term monitoring, modelling, and...
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This work plan identifies the priority activities to be carried out or initiated by the GLAM Committee in the period covering October 1, 2020 through September 30, 2021. These activities support the long-term adaptive management strategy (on-going review and evaluation) of regulation plans for the...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans as a sub-committee in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River...
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2019 Report In 2019 the WQB produced a report on the topic of manure management for animal feeding operations, which reviewed practices and policies in the state and provincial jurisdictions in the Great Lakes. The recommendations included in the report have been identified as priority actions for...
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The 134th Progress Report to the International Joint Commission by the International Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River Board, covering the period March 1, 2020 through August 31, 2020.
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An environmental stressor is any factor whose presence adversely affects individuals, populations, or ecosystems. Often but not necessarily the result of human activities, examples include many different pollutants, excess nutrients, habitat loss and invasive species. Recognizing that interactions...
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2020 Report In June 2020, the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) completed a report entitled Understanding Declining Productivity in the Offshore Regions of the Great Lakes. The report includes a number of findings and a recommendation aimed at improving coordination...
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The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (the Agreement) charges the International Joint Commission (IJC), supported by its Great Lakes advisory boards, with several responsibilities including identification of emerging issues facing the Great Lakes. To help fulfil this responsibility the IJC’s Great...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans as a sub-committee in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River...
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On November 5th, 2019, the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee, a sub-committee of the International Joint Commission's (IJC) International Lake Ontario-St. Lawrence River Board (ILOSLR Board) hosted a meeting in Montreal, QC. The intent of the meeting was to gather...
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Annex 10 (Science) of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement assigns the International Joint Commission (IJC) and its Science Advisory Board (SAB) a role in providing input to the Parties on priority science issues on a three year basis. The Parties’ initial Draft Priorities for Science and Action...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Management...
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The purpose of this document is to compile unbiased background information about nuclear energy production, the nuclear regulators, the decommissioning process, radioactive waste management, and status of the nuclear power facilities in the Great Lakes basin. The background report is also...
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This project seeks to address these concerns by conducting a comprehensive scientific review of the life histories and critical habitat of all known fish species inhabiting Lake St. Lawrence (Iroquois Dam to Moses-Saunders Dam). Historically low 2018 water levels in Lake St. Lawrence have prompted...
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This report presents the findings and recommendations of the project, Use of Modeling Approaches to Affect Nutrient Management through Adaptive Management, led by the International Joint Commission's (IJC) Great Lakes Science Advisory Board - Research Coordination Committee (SAB-RCC). The objective...
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The 131st Progress Report to the International Joint Commission by the International St. Lawrence River Board of Control, covering the period of September 1, 2018 to February, 28 2019.
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In January 2017 the WQB produced a Climate Change and Adaption in the Great Lakes project summary that focused on the need for coordinated binational action in developing a climate adaption and resiliency strategy for the Great Lakes. The WQB undertook follow-up work to explore ways to advance...
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This report presents the recommendations of the Great Lakes Water Quality Board (WQB) to the International Joint Commission (IJC) on the topic of manure management for confined animal feeding operation practices and policies in the state and provincial jurisdictions in the Great Lakes. The...
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The objective of this appendix is to provide the background material that was previously presented in the semi-annual reports of the former International St. Lawrence River Board of Control to the International Joint Commission (IJC). Providing the material in this manner allows the semi-annual...
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This document provides a general summary of the questionnaire responses from 2017 with a focus on flooding impacts, erosion impacts, shore protection impacts, business impacts and overall impacts. The GLAM Committee will continue to improve model assessment tools and understanding of shoreline...
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In 2016-2017 the International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board, Science Priority Committee, completed an analysis of commercial fertilizer and manure application in the western Lake Erie basin. The resulting report was adopted by the International Joint Commission and is available at...
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The IJC’s Great Lakes - St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee has prepared a review of impacts across all sectors that were affected by high water levels in 2017 as well as an assessment of how the regulation of outflows from Lake Ontario impacted levels throughout the system...
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The IJC’s Great Lakes St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee has prepared a review of impacts across all sectors that were affected by high water levels in 2017 as well as an assessment of how the regulation of outflows from Lake Ontario impacted levels throughout the system...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Management...
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This report summarizes the results of a literature review, a survey of scientific experts, workshop discussions, and a resulting initial action plan to develop an integrated groundwater-surface water model for the Great Lakes basin. The Great Lakes Science Advisory Board’s Research Coordination...
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This is a special report of the International Joint Commission’s (IJC) Great Lakes – St Lawrence River Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee covering the hydroclimate, flows and water level conditions, as well as their impacts on multiple interests, experienced in 2017 throughout the Great Lakes-St...
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The International Joint Commission (IJC) established the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Adaptive Management (GLAM) Committee through an IJC directive on January 16, 2015, to provide monitoring and evaluation of regulation plans in support of the three Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Water Management...
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The International Joint Commission’s Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Priority Committee undertook a synthesis of the science related to observed and potential impacts of crude oil on Great Lakes water quality and ecosystem condition and identified additional research, monitoring and information...
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The 130th Progress Report to the International Joint Commission by the International St. Lawrence River Board of Control, covering the period of March 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018.
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Slides from the Great Lakes Water Quality Board's webinar presenting the results of its Second Binational Poll
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This report by the International Lake Ontario - St. Lawrence River Board (the Board) describes the causes of the record high water levels in 2017 on Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River, as well as the regulation of outflows by the Board during this event. The Board is appointed by the...
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